How EPS is made-
How EPS is made-

How EPS is made

Styrene. Pentane. Water.
A colourless petroleum product that is viscous and sweet-smelling: Styrene is the starting material for the production of EPS.

Step 1: the granules

The chemical process of ‘suspension polymerisation’ starts when the liquid precursor styrene is mixed with water and stirred. Droplets and, ultimately, compact granules are formed: plastic beads with a size of between 0.3 and 2.5 millimetres. Pentane that has been mixed in as a blowing agent makes the resulting polystyrene granules foamable. When exposed to pure steam, it expands up to 50 times its volume and forms a highly efficient foam granulate material.
Step 1: the granules-

Step 2: the added value

Depending on the requirements, the granules can be given special properties, such as ‘pore-deep’ colours or the maximum reflection of heat radiation. This is done by coating the beads or by means of extrusion: To this end, the granules are melted down, mixed with special additives and then dispensed again in grain form. By controlling polymerisation, coating and extrusion, we give sunpor-EPS exactly the properties needed for the respective final application.
Step 2: the added value-

Step 3: the application

Processors, sunpor’s customers, foam up the granulate material and weld it. To do this, they heat it up with steam. The beads expand to 10 to 50 times their volume when exposed to the pentane contained in it as a blowing agent. Now the EPS can be further processed into blocks, boards or moulded parts.
Step 3: the application-